Iron is an important micro nutrient. It is needed for proper functioning of cells and also for a healthy immune system, brain function and muscle strength. Iron deficiency is the top most cause of anemia.
The micro nutrient is an important component of hemoglobin (Hb), which carries oxygen from lungs to transport it throughout the body. Hb represents two-thirds of the body’s iron. Lack of sufficient iron means that your body will not be able to make enough of oxygen-carrying red blood cells.
According to UNICEF, India has the largest number of young people, aged 10-19 years in the world – 243 million out of 1.2 billion. This age group comprise one-fourth of India’s population. However, 56 per cent of girls and 30 per cent of boys in the age group of 15-19 years in India suffer from anemia. Given the grave numbers, it is pertinent that adequate measures are taken to improve Hb level.
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