Food for Thought: Why we need to question the NZ diet

Healthy eating should be easy. Eat plenty of fruit and veggies, strike the right mix of protein and carbs, cut back on the booze and sugar and she’ll be right – right?

Healthy eating is deceptively complex.

But we also know it’s an issue of some urgency for New Zealand. Our ballooning obesity rate presents a public health crisis, and much of that can be traced to diet (exercise and lifestyle too, of course – but we’ll shelve those for another day).

Consensus has formed around some of the culprits: the sweet sting of sugar, increased portion sizes, and more processed food. We’ll explore those how those trends, shaped in part by the multinational food giants, have taken root in New Zealand.

We’ll track how New Zealand’s diet has evolved. In a matter of generations, we’ve moved from meat-and-three-veg to a generous buffet of fast food, prepackaged snacks, ethnic meals, and introduced ingredients from quinoa to kale.

And we’ll look at steps individuals, families, and communities are taking to change their diets for the better.

We’re not here to lecture you on how to eat (though seriously, ease off that added sugar…). But we hope this series will encourage you to question whether the way you eat suits your lifestyle, genetics, and physiology. Call it Food for Thought.

Stuff

What other Options When Diet and Exercise Fail?

Treating obesity can often be difficult. If you’re affected by obesity, you know first-hand that addressing your weight and improving your health is not always an easy task to accomplish. The scope of weight-loss options are wide and can often be confusing and intimidating.

More than 93 million Americans are affected by the disease of obesity. Obesity carries with it various other diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea and more. Combined with obesity, these conditions may greatly impact an individual’s quality of health and life.

What are some weight loss options:

Gastric bypass and other weight-loss surgeries are major, life-changing procedures. While weight-loss surgery can help reduce your risk of weight-related health problems — such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and sleep apnea — it can also pose major risks and complications. You may need to meet certain medical guidelines to qualify for weight-loss surgery. You likely will have an extensive screening process to see if you qualify.

When is surgery an option:

In general, gastric bypass and other weight-loss surgery could be an option for you if:

· Efforts to lose weight with diet and exercise have been unsuccessful

· Your body mass index (BMI) is 40 or higher (extreme obesity)

· Your BMI is 35 to 39.9 (obesity) and you have a serious weight-related health problem, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure or severe sleep apnea.

In some cases, you may qualify for certain types of weight-loss surgery if your BMI is 30 to 34 and you have serious weight-related health problems.

Two-thirds of residents in South Texas are Hispanic and health problems are typically linked to lifestyle choices. More than 50% of South Texans do not get the recommended amounts of exercise, defined as 150 minutes of moderate physical activity per week, and 76% do not eat enough fruits and vegetables. These rates are similar to the rest of the state and nation.

Kris TV

Diet or Exercise: Which Is Better for Weight Loss

You’ve heard it over and over again: Diet and exercise are the keys to a healthy weight. As it turns out, though, one is far more important than the other. If you’re looking to drop pounds, your best bet is to focus on food.

Despite the constant message to burn fat and calories away at the gym, people who only change their diets lose more weight than those who only increase physical activity, according to a report in the journal Systematic Reviews.

You might have heard that muscle weighs more than fat. That’s true, but it doesn’t mean you should claim that bigger number on the scale is all muscle. “That’s a few pounds, not 20 or 30 pounds,” says Nolan Cohn. “It’s not an excuse for the weight gain.”

Still, don’t cancel your gym membership. The Systematic Reviews study found that pairing diet with exercise was even more successful for weight loss than diet alone. Exercise doesn’t just burn calories and build muscles—it boosts endorphins too, says Nolan Cohn. “It improves feelings of positivity or accomplishment,” she says. “When you combine those forces [of diet and exercise], it reinforces losing the weight and keeping it off.” While adding exercise to a healthier diet doesn’t lead to additional weight loss in the first six months of a program, those who both diet and exercise have better long-term results over a year, found a review in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Reader’s Digest

What are Health Benefits of Whole-Grain Diet

Several studies have suggested health benefits of whole grains and high dietary fiber intake, including for glycemic control and insulin sensitivity.

There has been controversy, however, about whether whole grains and fiber are beneficial for weight regulation, partially because there hasn’t been data from controlled metabolic studies.

The new study, led by Dr. Phil Karl of the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine and Tufts University, provided food to participants for eight weeks and may help explain how whole grain consumption is beneficial for weight management.

People who ate a diet with whole grains lost close to an extra 100 calories per day due to a combination of increased resting metabolic rate and greater fecal losses. This is compared to people who ate refined grains without much fiber.

Based on previous research and current study measurements, however, they believe that the calorie loss was not due exclusively to the digestion of extra fiber intake.

The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans from the United States Department of Health and Human Services and the USDA recommends that Americans replace refined grains with whole grains.

The recommended daily allowance of whole grains is a minimum of 3 ounces of whole grains for women and 4 ounces for men. This is the equivalent to consuming 1.5-2 cups of brown rice or oatmeal each day.

Sci News

The ketogenic diet: Is HIGH FAT plan more Effective in Weight Loss?

On a ketogenic diet, your entire body switches its fuel supply to run almost entirely on fat – insulin levels become very low and fat burning increases dramatically, and it then becomes easy to access your fat stores to burn them off.

So what do you eat on a ketogenic diet?

Avoid eating most carbohydrates – the fewer carbs the more effective. This means completely avoiding sweet sugary foods, plus starchy foods like bread, pasta, rice, and potatoes.

So how do you know you’re in ketosis?

It is possible to measure it by testing urine, blood or breath samples, but there are also some telltale symptoms which don’t require any testing.

Look for a dry mouth and increased third, increased urination and ‘keto breath’ – this is due to a ketone body called acetone escaping via the breath and can make a person; breath smell fruity.

What are the potential side effects of the diet?

This will result in feeling sick, nauseous and very weak, and can develop into a life-threatening condition called ketoacidosis.

People transitioning from sugar-burning to fat-burning mode can often experience side effects at the beginning, which is referred to as the veto flu. Its symptoms are fatigue, nausea, headaches, cramps, and those similar to the flu.

Diet Doctor suggests two things you can to do to prevent or alleviate this is drink water with salt and lemon or gradually reduce your carbohydrate intake.

Express

“What Is The DASH Diet, and Why Is It So Effective? “

If you are looking to improve your health, the DASH diet is the way to go. For the seventh consecutive year, the DASH diet has been ranked as the best overall diet in the U.S. News & World Report’s annual diet ranking.

Unlike better-known diets such as Weight Watchers or the Jenny Craig Diet, the DASH diet’s main priority isn’t weight loss—it’s merely an added bonus. Instead, the DASH diet, which stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, aims to lower high blood pressure and enforce healthy eating patterns.

So how does the DASH diet work? It’s simple. Based on the diet’s guide, you set a daily calorie intake determined by your age and activity level. Then you follow easy serving size guidelines to help cut down on sodium and fill up on nutrients.

If you are focused more on shedding some pounds, the DASH Diet creators came out with a weight-loss edition in 2012. This diet plan still puts emphasis on lowering high blood pressure but concentrates on healthy weight loss.

The DASH diet is sponsored by the US National Institutes of Health and was constructed based on health research. In studies, the diet plan has shown to help prevent type 2 Diabetes, heart failure and kidney stones.

Paste

Are you an Endomorph Body Type? Here’s your best Diet!

How does the Endomorph Diet work?
One’s body type doesn’t just help determine how easily one loses or gains weight, but it can also pretty much affect how and what type of foods fuels one’s body best and help shed weight. Case in point, an ectomorph can eat just about anything without gaining a kilo, while an endomorph is carb-sensitive. Regrettably, unlike other body types, the latter also finds it difficult to make up for poor dietary habits with exercise. She needs to get her diet right to lose weight, feel energetic, and for good health.

Why do endomorphs have to watch their calories
A study by the American Medical Association indicates that compared to other body types, one of the reasons an endomorph struggles with her weight more is because she is very sensitive to even the slightest over-consumption of food. Translated, it means that those extra calories are more likely to be stored as fat compared to an ectomorph, ensuing in a greater tendency for fat storage. The macronutrient ratio (the ratio of protein, carbohydrate and fat) is elemental in losing weight and getting fit.

What is the best diet for an endomorph?
Endomorphs work best on a Paleo-like diet; an average macronutrient ratio that works for endomorphs is to include 40 percent carbs, 35 percent protein, and 30 percent fat in their diet. Cut out all unhealthy sources of carbs, such as sugars, white pasta, and white rice. Instead, choose leafy greens, over potatoes and corn. Also, include high-fibre whole grains such as brown and wild rice; prefer lean protein like fish, chicken, and tofu and favor healthy monounsaturated fats such as olive oil and walnuts.

Pros of an Endomorph Diet
• Moderate carbs with higher protein help prevent the muscle loss that occurs when lowering calories to lose weight.
• Provides enough carbohydrates to fuel metabolic needs, while keeping blood sugar controlled and minimizing risk of diabetes.
• Help make a lifestyle choice as it isn’t restrictive, doesn’t exclude entire food groups and is easy to commit to…

Cons of an Endomorph Diet
• Cannot eat everything; have to watch their calorie intake.
• Tough to lose weight.
• Exercising is hard work because energy levels are naturally low.

FEMINA

2017 Health Trend: One order of Golden Milk Please!

One thing that plays a major part in any health related issue is the food habits and vitamin consumption which is required to keep your body well-functional. Golden milk is one such drink that the people have introduced as a trend to obtain maximum fitness and health due to its large array of health benefits after regular intake.

Golden milk is not artificial milk that is manufactured in factories. It is regular milk mixed with turmeric and infused with spices such as pepper, cinnamon, and ginger. The drink acts a natural sugar-free antioxidant drink which purifies the body and gets rid of all the unhealthy particles. This drink works well for the people who prefer organic products as well as the people who want to save the money and make their own things rather than buying factory manufactured ready to consume products.

According to News18, it is an ayurvedic inspired medicinal drink which ideally promotes good digestion and also detoxifies the body. It has been an old remedy in Indian medicine and can be made by first forming a paste of the pure turmeric and pepper.

The drink is an efficient substitute for protein and health drinks while also providing a festive taste due to the cinnamon and spices addition.

ASZ News

Red cabbage microgreens help reduce LDL cholesterol

Research in animal studies has uncovered that red cabbage microgreens help reduce LDL cholesterol – bad cholesterol. Microgreens are gaining traction in the food industry and showing up in more dishes.

Microgreens are a tender, immature plant which grow within two weeks time. Researchers suggest that microgreens can offer greater benefits to health as opposed to their fully-grown counterparts. Red cabbage has already been found to help protect against excess cholesterol and so the researchers wanted to see if their microgreens counterparts could offer greater benefits.

The researchers wanted to test the benefits of red cabbage microgreens on mice who consumed a high-fat diet as a means of reducing cardiovascular disease risk. The mice who consumed the red cabbage microgreens had reduced weight along with lower levels of LDL cholesterol in their livers. Furthermore, the microgreens showed to have greater effects on reducing LDL cholesterol compared to fully-grown red cabbage.

Belmarra Health

Improve Your Blood Circulation NATURALLY in a Month

A healthy circulation is very important if you want to remain healthier for a long time. To improve your blood circulation, there are certain common foods that you can add to your diet.

1. Orange – rich in vitamin C and bioflavonoids, that can strengthen the walls of the capillaries in your circulatory system

2. Pumpkin Seeds – rich in vitamin E, they can help promote an effortless circulation of blood and oxygen and prevent blood clots

3. Ginger – known to stimulate the production of healthy red blood cells, and also help boost blood circulation to a considerable extent.

4. Garlic – a natural blood thinner, it has the ability to clear up clogged arteries

5. Watermelon – as it is rich in lycopene, it can prevent the build-up of plaque in the arteries

6. Nuts – rich in vitamin B3, which is very much essential for a healthy blood flow.

7. Dark Chocolate – rich in flavonoids that are linked to the improvement of blood circulation

BoldSky Health